What can be done to make TNCs more responsible to the people in countries where they operate? ---- The case of Apple Inc. OEM in China怎樣做才能使跨國公司對其所在國家的人民更加負責？——蘋果公司在中國的OEM案例
Transnational corporations (TNCs), also known as multinationals, which started since as early as the origin of business, headquarters in the home country and directly establish braches and invest internationally. In recent decades, as the development of technology, politic and economic communication, TNCs spread unprecedentedly. As one of the leading company of this era, I think the case of Apple Inc. has significant represented meaning on the aspect of how to make TNCs more responsible to the people in countries where they operate. 跨國公司，又稱跨國公司，其成立之初，業務就在母國總部，直接設立分支機構，進行國際投資。近幾十年來，隨著技術、政治和經濟交流的發展，跨國公司的傳播空前迅速。作為這個時代的領先公司之一，我認為蘋果公司的案例在如何使跨國公司對其所在國家的人民更加負責方面具有重要的代表意義。
I think, firstly, on the macroscopic view，TNCs could benefit the less developed countries and their people by more direct investment. As a besides sword, though the globalization has many negative influences, such as infringe the original economic system and market, even environment, or human rights, such as overtime work, it indeed drive the less development regions develop better and bring more income for the local people. For example, China’s growth since the last two decades greatly depends on the OEM or other forms of labor intense manufacture for TNCs from developed countries. Meanwhile, this type of investment has been helping less developed countries such as Thailand, Philippines, etc. On the other hand, the TNCs are also working on improving humane treatment in their OEMs, such as Apple Inc. has working on eliminating child workers, improving workers well-being, etc., which are in a comparatively backward in China’s manufacture industry. Though there are still tremendous complains, both China’s economy and people living standard benefits a lot from the TNCs giants by their advanced management skills and technology. 我認為，首先，從宏觀上看，跨國公司通過更多的直接投資可以造福欠發達國家及其人民。作為一把利劍，全球化雖然有許多負面影響，如侵犯原有的經濟體制和市場，甚至環境，或加班等人權，但確實推動了欠發達地區更好地發展，為當地人民帶來更多的收入。例如，中國自過去20年來的增長很大程度上依賴于來自發達國家的TNC的原始設備制造商或其他形式的勞動密集型制造。與此同時，這類投資也在幫助泰國、菲律賓等欠發達國家，另一方面，跨國公司也在努力改善原始設備制造商的人道待遇，如蘋果公司（Apple Inc.）正在努力消除童工、改善工人福利等，這些國家在中國相對落后。制造業。盡管仍有很多人抱怨，但中國經濟和人民生活水平都得益于跨國公司巨頭的先進管理技能和技術。
Secondly, on the microscopic view, comparing the less developed countries where the TNCs invest, they provide better well-being in their home countries and have better human resource management system. Therefore, on the management aspect, the TNCs could also help them by providing more advanced management skills and technology. Though complains will occur when people comparing the treatment of the home country employees and the OEM workers. 其次，從微觀上看，與跨國公司投資的欠發達國家相比，跨國公司在本國提供了更好的福利，并擁有更好的人力資源管理體系。因此，在管理方面，跨國公司也可以通過提供更先進的管理技能和技術來幫助他們。但是，當人們比較母國員工和原始設備制造商員工的待遇時，會發生投訴。
Why Foxconn workers still complain.
Monshipouri, M et al. 2003, "Multinational Corporations & the Ethics of Global Responsibility: Problems & Possibilitites", Human Rights Quarterly, vol. 25, pp. 965–89.