TASK 1 ：題目1
盡管這三個國家的預期百分比有所波動，但在未來20年中老年人的比例可能會繼續增加。據預測，日本2030年至2040年將出現更大幅度的增長，到那時，三個國家的老年人比例將相似。The graph shows the increase in the ageing population in Japan, Sweden and the USA. It indicates that the percentage of elderly people in all three countries is expected to increase to almost 25% of the respective populations by the year 2040.
In 1940 the proportion of people aged 65 or more stood at only 5% in Japan, approximately 7% in Sweden and 9% in the US. However, while the figures for the Western countries grew to about 15% in around 1990, the figure for Japan dipped to only 2.5% for much of this period, before rising to almost 5% again at the present time.
In spite of some fluctuation in the expected percentages, the proportion of older people will probably continue to increase in the next two decades in the three countries. A more dramatic rise is predicted between 2030 and 2040 in Japan, by which time it is thought that the proportion of elderly people will be similar in the three countries.
有些人認為孩子應該被允許呆在家里玩到六七歲。其他人認為，幼兒盡快上學很重要。Some people believe that children should be allowed to stay at home and play until they are six or seven years old. Others believe that it is important for young children to go to school as soon as possible.
What’s your opinion?
所以總的來說，我相信，從很小的時候開始上學對大多數孩子都有好處。他們仍然花很多時間在家里和父母在一起，這樣他們就能從兩種環境中受益。In many places today, children start primary school at around the age of six or seven. However, because it is more likely now that both parents work, there is little opportunity for children to stay in their own home up to that age. Instead, they will probably go to a nursery school when they are much younger. While some people think this may be damaging to a child’s development, or to a child’s relationship with his or her parents, in fact there are many advantages to having school experience at a young age.
Firstly, a child will learn to interact with a lot of different people and some children learn to communicate very early because of this. They are generally more confident and independent than children who stay at home with their parents and who are not used to strangers or new situations. Such children find their first day at school at the age of six very frightening and this may have a negative effect on how they learn.
Another advantage of going to school at an early age is that children develop faster socially. They make friends and learn how to get on with other children of a similar age. This is often not possible at home because they are the only child, or because their brothers or sisters are older or younger.
So overall, I believe that, attending school from a young age is good for most children. They still spend plenty of time at home with their parents, so they can benefit from both environments.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:
Some teachers think it is effective for students to study in group while others think it is better to study alone.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
This graph shows trends in the ratio of the aging population (population aged 65 and over) in Japan, the United States, and Sweden from 1940 to 2040. It reveals that the proportion of the overall aging population in the three countries shows a rising trend, but there is a significant difference in the proportion of aging population in each country at different times.
From 1840 to 1980, the aging population in the United States and Sweden showed a slow growth trend, the proportion of aging population in the United States increased from 9% to 15%, in Sweden, it increased from 6% to 14%, and in Japan , it was not increased but fell from 5% to 11%.
From 1980 to 2020, the proportion of the aging population in the three countries has fluctuates less. The proportion of the aging population in the United States has remained almost unchanged at around 15%, while it has increased slightly from 14% to 18% in Sweden, and it also shows a modest growth from 3% to 8% in Japan.
From 2020 to 2040, the proportions of aging population in all three countries are expected to show a significant increase. It will increase most in Japan from 8% to 28%, making it the country with the highest proportion of aging population. In the United States, it will increase significantly from 15% to 23%, while it will increase significantly from 18% to 25%in Sweden.
This graph reflects the per capita consumption of beef, lamb, chicken and fish in a European country from 1979 to 2004.
The consumption of beef was the highest in 1979, and the per capita consumption of beef was 220g per week. From 1979 to 1989, per capita consumption of beef fluctuated between 170g-240g per week, however, from 1989 to 2004, the figure decreased significantly, from about 170g per week to 110g or so, beef was consumed second most in the country.
In 1979, the per capita consumption of lamb per week was the second highest in the country, it consumed lamb of 150g per week. From 1979 to 2004, it declined significantly, from about 150g per week to 60g or so, there was a decline of up to 60%, lamb was consumed thirdly.
In 1979, chicken was consumed thirdly most in the country, the per capita consumption of chicken per week was 145 g. From 1979 to 2004, the per capita consumption of chicken increased significantly from 145 g per week to 250g or so, the growth rate was up to 72%, chicken exceeded beef and lamb to become the people’s most favorite meat.
The consumption of fish was the least in 1979, the per capita consumption of fish per week was 60g. From 1979 to 2004, the per capita consumption of decreased from about 60 g per week to about 48 g per week, showing a decrease of about 20%, the per capita consumption of fish was still least in the country.
Task 3: Some people believe that children should be allowed to stay at home and play until they are six or seven years old. Others believe that it is important for young children to go to school as soon as possible.
Some parents believe that their children should stay at home before going to primary school, the reasons for that include: children are too young to stay at home will be safer, children do not need to learn more knowledge, appropriate knowledge can also be acquired at home. However, I suggest that for children aged 6-7, staying at home will have adverse effects on their development of intelligence, Emotional Quotient (EQ), personality and other aspects.
First of all, considering from the aspect of intellectual development, in schools, children can receive more knowledge relating to nature, science, animals, plants and so on, while children have an access to very limited knowledge at home. And school teachers have more professional teaching skills than parents, they know how to educate and guide children, thus schools will be more helpful for a child's intellectual development.
Then, from the perspective of EQ, children in a school will inevitably contact with other students and teachers. In the course of communication, they will learn how to communicate and get along with other people, how to cooperate with other people to better complete a task, which is very helpful to improve a child's EQ, and a child at home is lonely, which is detrimental to improve his emotional intelligence.