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25选5开奖结果查询:來自哈弗的essay范文與寫作技巧

時間:2017-04-07 17:12來源:未知 作者:quanlei_cai 點擊:
Essay在留學生本科申請中占有重要地位,可以豪不夸張的說,它的比重可以占據整個申請過程的50%。由此也可以看出,一篇優秀的essay是非常重要的。而要想寫好一篇essay,首先要明白essay主要考
        Essay在留學生本科申請中占有重要地位,可以豪不夸張的說,它的比重可以占據整個申請過程的50%。由此也可以看出,一篇優秀的essay對留學生是非常重要的。而選擇優秀的essay范文,對寫作幫助很大。
        想要寫好一篇essay,首先要明白essay主要考察的是什么。大多數國外院校是十分重視學生的思維方式,這不僅是一個學生智力水平與性格的體現,也是學生情感與道德素養的直接反映??梢哉餉此?,essay是國外院校評價申請人潛力的重要依據。很多同學就犯難了,如何在短短的一篇essay中將想要表達的內容產生闡述清楚呢?
        我們對英國、美國、法國、澳大利亞等國家的院校進行調查,發現只有極少數院校的essay話題會比較另類,大多說院校的話題都無外乎以下幾類:回憶類、自省類、憧憬類、成長類、啟發類。例如最常見話題包括以下幾種:
       1.回憶成長過程中的一個重要經歷、取得的成就或者難以抉擇的事件,談談這一事件對你的影響。
       2.談一個對你造成重大影響的人,并詳細描述影響。
       3.談論你感興趣的、關注的話題,可以是關于一個人、一個地區、一個國家或者世界性的,并論述它對你的重要性。
       4.描述一個文藝作品中對你造成重大影響的人。
       5.結合你的個人背景與精力,談談你將為大學社區的多樣化帶來何種貢獻。
     下面結合來自哈佛大學的essay范文,詳細分析essay的寫作方法:
 
Growing Up
 
  I’m short. I’m five foot five – well, five foot six if I want to impress someone. If the average height of American men is five foot ten, that means I’m nearly half a foot shorter than the average Joe out there. And then there are the basketball players. My height has always been something that’s set me apart; it’s helped define me. It’s just that as long as I can remember, I haven’t liked the definition very much. Every Sunday in grade school my dad and I would watch ESPN Primetime Football. Playing with friends at home, I always imagined the booming ESPN voice of Chris Berman giving the play-by-play of our street football games. But no matter how well I performed at home with friends, during school recess the stigma of “short kid” stuck with me while choosing teams.
 
        開頭簡單明了,讓人一目了然。文中談身高帶來的苦惱,談幻想有一天能與ESPN的解說員Chris Berman互動。對自己的情況有認知,有小孩天馬行空的想法。令人耳熟能詳的ESPN和解說員Chris Berman也容易引起讀者的共鳴。
 
        Still concerned as senior year rolled along, I visited a growth specialist. Pacing the exam room in a shaky, elliptical orbit worried, “What if I’ve stopped growing? Will my social status forever be marked by my shortness?” In a grade school dream, I imagined Chris “ESPN” Berman’s voice as he analyzed the fantastic catch I had made for a touchdown when – with a start – the doctor strode in. damp with nervous sweat, I sat quietly with my mom as he showed us the X-ray taken of my hand. The bones in my seventeen-year-old body had matured. I would not grow any more. Whoa. I clenched the steering wheel in frustration as I drove home. What good were my grades and “college transcript” achievements when even my friends poked fun of the short kid? What good was it to pray, or to genuinely live a life of love? No matter how many Taekwondo medals I had won, could I ever be considered truly athletic in a wiry, five foot five frame? I could be dark and handsome, but could I ever be the “tall” in “tall, dark and handsome”? All I wanted was someone special to look up into my eyes; all I wanted was someone to ask, “Could you reach that for me?”
 
        講述自己去檢查身體的過程,并結合一系列心理活動,將一個少年憧憬、沮喪的樣子勾勒得栩栩如生。此段也用了很多問句,也引起讀者的閱讀欲望:對于這些疑問,shim怎么解答的呢?
 
  It’s been hard to deal with. I haven’t answered all those questions, but I have learned that height isn’t all it’s made out to be. I ‘d rather be a shorter, compassionate person than a tall tyrant. I can be a giant in so many other ways: intellectually, spiritually and emotionally.
 
  Shim沒有直接回答上面提出的問題,但是他得出了非常有哲理的結論:也許自己身高不可能再長高,但他一樣可以成為巨人——知識的巨人、精神上的巨人或感情上的巨人。
 
        I’ve ironically grown taller from being short. It’s enriched my life. Being short has certainly had its advantages. During elementary school in earthquake-prone California for example, my teachers constantly praised my “duck and cover” skills. The school budget was tight and the desks were so small an occasional limb could always be seen sticking out. Yet Chris Shim, “blessed” in height, always managed to squeeze himself into a compact and safe fetal position. The same quality has paid off in hide-and-go-seek. (I’m the unofficial champion on my block.)
 
        用自嘲的口吻表達樂觀積極的生活態度?! ?br />  
        Lincoln once debated with Senator Stephen A. Douglas – a magnificent orator, nationally recognized as the leader of the Democratic Party of 1858… and barely five feet four inches tall. It seems silly, but standing on the floor of the Senate last year I remembered Senator Douglas and imagined that I would one day debate with a 4 future president. (It helped to have a tall, lanky, bearded man with a stove-top hat talk with me that afternoon.) But I could just as easily become an astronaut, if not for my childlike, gaping-mouth-eyes-straining wonderment of the stars, then maybe in the hope of growing a few inches (the spine spontaneously expands in the absence of gravity).
 
        談自己在政治上和天文上的興趣,同樣描寫生動的細節。
 
  Even at five feet, six inches, the actor Dustin Hoffman held his own against Tome Cruise in the movie Rainman and went on to win his second Academy Award for Best Actor. Michael J. Fox (5’5”) constantly uses taller actors to his comedic advantage. Height has enhanced the athleticism of “Muggsy” Bogues, the shortest player in the history of the NBA at five foot three. He’s used that edge to lead his basketball team in steals (they don’t call him “Muggsy” for nothing). Their height has put no limits to their work in the arts or athletics. Neither will mine.
 
  shim列舉了兩個很成功的“矮個子”的成功人士,一方面表明他用這些人物來激勵自己,二是他似乎讓我們看到了他未來的樣子。
 
  I’m five foot five. I’ve struggled with it at times, but I’ve realized that being five-five can’t stop me from joining the Senate. It won’t stem my dream of becoming an astronaut (I even have the application from NASA). My height can’t prevent me from directing a movie and excelling in Taekwondo (or even basketball). At five foot five I can laugh, jump, run, dance, write, paint, help, volunteer, pray, love and cry. I can break 100 in bowling. I can sing along to Nat King Cole. I can recite Audrey Hepburn’s lines from Breakfast at Tiffany’s. I can run the mile in under six minutes, dance like a wild monkey and be hopelessly wrapped up in a good book (though I have yet to master the ability to do it all at once). I’ve learned that my height, even as a defining characteristic, is only a part of the whole. It won’t limit me. Besides, this way I’ll never outgrow my favorite sweater.
 
  他曾經因為自己的身高而困擾,但是他現在意識到身高的問題不會阻擋他的任何一個愿望和理想,身高只是生命和生活的一小部分而已。在結尾,shim也沒有抒情或者使用假大空的句式,一句簡單的Besides, this way I’ll never outgrow my favorite sweater.將他幽默風趣的性格特點展示地淋漓盡致,引人會心一笑。
 
  
 


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